Health

Warning Signs of Consuming Too Much Salt

Vasaline It is easy to consume more salt than you realise. Most of the salt in your diet – about 90 percent – is already in the foods you buy in supermarkets and restaurants, according to statistics. Some signs that you are consuming too much salt – such as thirst – are obvious. The biggest problem is that the sodium you get from salt causes serious health problems that may show no signs or symptoms.

The salt is elemental

The salt consists of sodium and chloride. More specifically, it is 40% sodium and 60% chloride. Both minerals are electrolytes that help regulate the amount of water in your body. Chloride is also an essential component of stomach acid, while sodium is needed to keep muscles and nerves function. The recommended intake of sodium is 1,500 milligrams per day, which equals 3,800 milligrams of salt, according to the Linus Pauling Institute. This daily recommendation represents about two-thirds of a teaspoon of table salt.

Set alert

Feeling thirsty is the first sign that you are consuming too much salt. Your body works hard to maintain an accurate concentration of sodium. When levels become too high, systems begin to restore the correct balance. Because sodium is dissolved in fluids, your body decreases mineral concentration by increasing the number of fluids. The kidneys help to achieve this goal by excreting less urine. At the same time, recipients who feel the sodium imbalance tell their brain to trigger the feeling of thirst.

Expansion of water

When excessive salt increases sodium levels, the body retains water. As extra fluids in tissues, the symptom that appears is swelling. This edema, called edema, affects several parts of the body, but often occurs on the face, hands, legs, ankles and feet. Reducing salt intake should relieve edema. Raising the affected part of the body, walking or moving your body also help to stop the swelling. If the edema is severe or does not go away, consult your doctor because it may be a sign of a more serious health problem.

Silent and serious

High levels of sodium increase the amount of water in your body, including the volume of your blood. Extra blood pushes the walls of blood vessels and the result is high blood pressure or hypertension. The problem with high blood pressure is that it rarely causes any signs or symptoms. Some people may have headaches, but you may have high blood pressure for a long time without knowing it. Untreated hypertension damages the blood vessels as well as the heart and kidneys. The signs will not appear until the damage affects your health and the type of symptom depends on which part of the body is weakened. The first sign may come in the form of a stroke or heart attack.

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